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Usage with TypeScript

React Redux itself is currently written in plain JavaScript. However, it works well with static type systems such as TypeScript.

The React Redux type definitions are a separate @types/react-redux typedefs package on NPM. In addition to typing the library functions, the types also export some helpers to make it easier to write typesafe interfaces between your Redux store and your React components.

As of React Redux v7.2.3, the react-redux package has a dependency on @types/react-redux, so the type definitions will be automatically installed with the library. Otherwise, you'll need to manually install them yourself ( npm install @types/react-redux ).

Standard Redux Toolkit Project Setup with TypeScript#

We assume that a typical Redux project is using Redux Toolkit and React Redux together.

Redux Toolkit (RTK) is the standard approach for writing modern Redux logic. RTK is already written in TypeScript, and its API is designed to provide a good experience for TypeScript usage.

The Redux+TS template for Create-React-App comes with a working example of these patterns already configured.

Define Root State and Dispatch Types#

Using configureStore should not need any additional typings. You will, however, want to extract the RootState type and the Dispatch type so that they can be referenced as needed. Inferring these types from the store itself means that they correctly update as you add more state slices or modify middleware settings.

Since those are types, it's safe to export them directly from your store setup file such as app/store.ts and import them directly into other files.

import { configureStore } from '@reduxjs/toolkit'// ...
const store = configureStore({  reducer: {    posts: postsReducer,    comments: commentsReducer,    users: usersReducer,  },})
// Infer the `RootState` and `AppDispatch` types from the store itselfexport type RootState = ReturnType<typeof store.getState>// Inferred type: {posts: PostsState, comments: CommentsState, users: UsersState}export type AppDispatch = typeof store.dispatch

Define Typed Hooks#

While it's possible to import the RootState and AppDispatch types into each component, it's better to create pre-typed versions of the useDispatch and useSelector hooks for usage in your application. This is important for a couple reasons:

  • For useSelector, it saves you the need to type (state: RootState) every time
  • For useDispatch, the default Dispatch type does not know about thunks or other middleware. In order to correctly dispatch thunks, you need to use the specific customized AppDispatch type from the store that includes the thunk middleware types, and use that with useDispatch. Adding a pre-typed useDispatch hook keeps you from forgetting to import AppDispatch where it's needed.

Since these are actual variables, not types, it's important to define them in a separate file such as app/hooks.ts, not the store setup file. This allows you to import them into any component file that needs to use the hooks, and avoids potential circular import dependency issues.

import { TypedUseSelectorHook, useDispatch, useSelector } from 'react-redux'import type { RootState, AppDispatch } from './store'
// Use throughout your app instead of plain `useDispatch` and `useSelector`export const useAppDispatch = () => useDispatch<AppDispatch>()export const useAppSelector: TypedUseSelectorHook<RootState> = useSelector

Typing Hooks Manually#

We recommend using the pre-typed useAppSelector and useAppDispatch hooks shown above. If you prefer not to use those, here is how to type the hooks by themselves.

Typing the useSelector hook#

When writing selector functions for use with useSelector, you should explicitly define the type of the state parameter. TS should be able to then infer the return type of the selector, which will be reused as the return type of the useSelector hook:

interface RootState {  isOn: boolean}
// TS infers type: (state: RootState) => booleanconst selectIsOn = (state: RootState) => state.isOn
// TS infers `isOn` is booleanconst isOn = useSelector(selectIsOn)

This can also be done inline as well:

const isOn = useSelector((state: RootState) => state.isOn)

Typing the useDispatch hook#

By default, the return value of useDispatch is the standard Dispatch type defined by the Redux core types, so no declarations are needed:

const dispatch = useDispatch()

If you have a customized version of the Dispatch type, you may use that type explicitly:

// store.tsexport type AppDispatch = typeof store.dispatch
// MyComponent.tsxconst dispatch: AppDispatch = useDispatch()

Typing the connect higher order component#

Inferring The Connected Props Automatically#

connect consists of two functions that are called sequentially. The first function accepts mapState and mapDispatch as arguments, and returns a second function. The second function accepts the component to be wrapped, and returns a new wrapper component that passes down the props from mapState and mapDispatch. Normally, both functions are called together, like connect(mapState, mapDispatch)(MyComponent).

As of v7.1.2, the @types/react-redux package exposes a helper type, ConnectedProps, that can extract the return types of mapStateToProps and mapDispatchToProps from the first function. This means that if you split the connect call into two steps, all of the "props from Redux" can be inferred automatically without having to write them by hand. While this approach may feel unusual if you've been using React-Redux for a while, it does simplify the type declarations considerably.

import { connect, ConnectedProps } from 'react-redux'
interface RootState {  isOn: boolean}
const mapState = (state: RootState) => ({  isOn: state.isOn,})
const mapDispatch = {  toggleOn: () => ({ type: 'TOGGLE_IS_ON' }),}
const connector = connect(mapState, mapDispatch)
// The inferred type will look like:// {isOn: boolean, toggleOn: () => void}type PropsFromRedux = ConnectedProps<typeof connector>

The return type of ConnectedProps can then be used to type your props object.

interface Props extends PropsFromRedux {  backgroundColor: string}
const MyComponent = (props: Props) => (  <div style={{ backgroundColor: props.backgroundColor }}>    <button onClick={props.toggleOn}>      Toggle is {props.isOn ? 'ON' : 'OFF'}    </button>  </div>)
export default connector(MyComponent)

Because types can be defined in any order, you can still declare your component before declaring the connector if you want.

// alternately, declare `type Props = PropsFromRedux & {backgroundColor: string}`interface Props extends PropsFromRedux {  backgroundColor: string;}
const MyComponent = (props: Props) => /* same as above */
const connector = connect(/* same as above*/)
type PropsFromRedux = ConnectedProps<typeof connector>
export default connector(MyComponent)

Manually Typing connect#

The connect higher-order component is somewhat complex to type, because there are 3 sources of props: mapStateToProps, mapDispatchToProps, and props passed in from the parent component. Here's a full example of what it looks like to do that manually.

import { connect } from 'react-redux'
interface StateProps {  isOn: boolean}
interface DispatchProps {  toggleOn: () => void}
interface OwnProps {  backgroundColor: string}
type Props = StateProps & DispatchProps & OwnProps
const mapState = (state: RootState) => ({  isOn: state.isOn,})
const mapDispatch = {  toggleOn: () => ({ type: 'TOGGLE_IS_ON' }),}
const MyComponent = (props: Props) => (  <div style={{ backgroundColor: props.backgroundColor }}>    <button onClick={props.toggleOn}>      Toggle is {props.isOn ? 'ON' : 'OFF'}    </button>  </div>)
// Typical usage: `connect` is called after the component is definedexport default connect<StateProps, DispatchProps, OwnProps>(  mapState,  mapDispatch)(MyComponent)

It is also possible to shorten this somewhat, by inferring the types of mapState and mapDispatch:

const mapState = (state: RootState) => ({  isOn: state.isOn,})
const mapDispatch = {  toggleOn: () => ({ type: 'TOGGLE_IS_ON' }),}
type StateProps = ReturnType<typeof mapState>type DispatchProps = typeof mapDispatch
type Props = StateProps & DispatchProps & OwnProps

However, inferring the type of mapDispatch this way will break if it is defined as an object and also refers to thunks.


The hooks API is generally simpler to use with static types. If you're looking for the easiest solution for using static types with React-Redux, use the hooks API.

If you're using connect, we recommend using the ConnectedProps<T> approach for inferring the props from Redux, as that requires the fewest explicit type declarations.


For additional information, see these additional resources: